Tuesday, March 22, 2011

Making yourself less of a target for Bullying

So far we've looked at the different ways in which bullying can manifest itself and discussed some options for damage control once it starts. Some people however present more of a target to bullies than others. In this post, we'll look at some things you can do to reduce your chances of being bullied.

Being Different
Like many aggressors, bullies often have an intense "dislike for the unlike". This means that if there is something about you that is different, they will seize upon it as an excuse to bully.

If you're an aspie, you'll already be fighting an "uphill battle" because NTs can somehow sense our differences within minutes of meeting us. It's mostly to do with our body language and while it's possible to learn how to hide it from others in occasional conversation, there's very little that you can do when you're in constant daily contact with a potential bully.

This means that you'll have to work all the harder to blend in. You shouldn't work against yourself by "trying to be different". I know that it seems to be a matter of expressing your individuality and basic freedoms but you need to set sensible limits. For example; a guy who regularly wears pink shirts in a homophobic school is really "asking for trouble". The same goes for people who regularly have "branded accessories" marked with special interests which aren't necessarily age appropriate.

Having a star wars lunchbox in primary school is cool. It's not so cool to have one in secondary school. You may think that spongebob is the height of culture but constantly talking about him or wearing spongebob apparel is going to get you noticed. Save that stuff for home.

Do your best to blend in and appear "one of the crowd" and you'll attract a lot less attention from bullies.


Don't Lose Your Temper
Bullies love getting a reaction and there's no reaction that thrills them more than a meltdown or a temper-tantrum.

Once a bully has seen that kind of reaction from you, they'll keep trying to provoke "bigger and better" ones and in front of progressively larger groups. As the victim's reputation for outbursts grows, they will attract greater numbers of bullies. Even kids who normally wouldn't be bullies themselves will try to get a reaction.

If you're an aspie, then social anxiety and meltdowns are a part of normal life for you. You probably won't be able to control them entirely but you should be able to detect your triggers and remove yourself from situations. If you're at school, you'll probably need to get your parents to talk to your teachers about the issue to establish a protocol for you to signal an overload and withdrawal condition without drawing undue attention to yourself.

Keep your head. Know your triggers and remove yourself from situations immediately if you feel a meltdown is imminent.


Don't Provoke Bullies
We've all heard the saying; "it won't bite you if you don't annoy it". That's not exactly true of bullies. They'll find you and they'll attack without warning regardless of what you do. What is true however is that if a bully isn't currently attacking you, then stirring them up will certainly cause them to focus on you.

Occasionally, you may find that your bully ends up in a situation where the tables are turned. Perhaps they've had a bad day or something embarrassing has happened to them. You may be burning for revenge but try to resist the urge to get involved. Bullies have good memories and when they're back on top, they're bound to come looking for you.

Just leave the bullies alone. Stay out of their life and you'll significantly reduce their incursions into yours.


Don't Just Defend Yourself - Attack!
I've often heard parents giving their children advice to "hit the bully back" and indeed, assuming you're strong enough to win a physical fight, that often does the trick. Of course, in these situations, you can't hit first or you'll be seen as the agressor.

Bullying usually goes on for a long, long time before it becomes physical and by the time it does, a lot of damage has already been done. For this reason, establishing a good verbal defense is critical.

It's not enough to simply "block" negative comments. You also need to strike back.

Consider this conversation (note: for clarity I've added points in brackets);

Bully: Hey moron! you've got a fat head! (3 points)
Victim: No I haven't (0 points)
Bully: Man, your head is so fat you probably can't get it in the gate. (1 Point)
Victim: I can, I came in the gate this morning (0 points)
Bully: Aw gee, for someone with such a big fat head, you're so dumb. (3 points).

I've allocated points on the following basis;
1 Point for unexpected attack.
1 Point per attack word

You'll notice that the victim has wasted his lines by simply defending himself (denying allegations). The bully hasn't been attacked at all.

Now, consider a different exchange.

Bully: Hey moron! you've got a fat head! (3 points)
Victim: Aw shut up you stupid clown, go bother someone who cares (3 points)
Bully: Man, your head is so fat you probably can't get it in the gate. (1 point)
Victim: Yeah well at least I don't have an ugly mug like yours or a pathetic and stupid personality to go with it. (3 points)
Bully: Well, your head is fat. (1 point)
Victim: Oh quit it with the stupid head fixation and grow up you sad little sack of camel dung (5 points)

If your exchanges go this way, the bully will soon leave you alone.

Parents; If your child is being bullied at school, you might want to role-play these sorts of comebacks until they're natural responses.

A neutral defence is useless against bullies. Always make your verbal responses count.


Be Less Visible
There's an old saying "Out of sight, out of mind" which means simply that if the bully doesn't see you, they'll find some other victim instead. I'm not suggesting that you hide from the bully but simply that you try to reduce your interactions and ensure that you're not near the bully when they have free time.


Become part of a group
Another good saying; "There's safety in numbers". Bullies prefer to attack when the odds are in their favour. Find a group, any group - a nerd group is fine - and stick with it. If you've got other people with you, the bully is more likely to decide that the risk is too great and leave you alone.


Believe in yourself
Bullies will say lots of hurtful things but they're usually just lies aimed at throwing you off balance. The bully wants to destroy your self esteem. You need to spend time thinking about your good points and work hard to boost your own self esteem. This will only happen if you can believe in yourself. Talk to people who care about you and ask them for their opinions - don't just take the bully's lying words to heart.

Don't believe anything a bully says.


Get help when necessary
There may come a time when you feel that "you simply can't take it any more". Don't let things get to this point. Seek help and stand up for your rights. If you've reported a bullying incident and nothing has been done to correct it, then go to a higher authority. If you're a child and your parents don't seem to understand then see the school social worker or refuse to go to school. You need to ensure that they understand how serious the problem is.

Don't bottle your feelings up. That's how people explode.

If you find yourself contemplating self-harm or taking weapons to school then you need to get your support network involved.


Don't stay at inappropriate places
Some places are home to large numbers of bullies. Some schools not only tolerate bullies but seem to actively encourage it. The same goes for some sports teams and social clubs. These places won't react well to allegations of bullying and may even react by making life harder for the victim. Don't try to fight a losing battle. There are other schools, other clubs and other workplaces. Look after number one (yourself) and protect your valuable self-esteem.

Don't put up with it, just leave - and if you still want to take action, do it from outside the group. This could be in the form of a letter to a newspaper about a school which encourages bullying or it could be as simple as joining another sports team and delivering a crushing defeat to your ex-bully team.

If you can't seem to get anything done about bullying, then get out. Don't stay in a harmful environment.


Next time
We'll look at the bullies side of the story and conclude this series.

17 comments:

Hak, o anĂ£o said...

That`s ridiculous. So, to don't anoy a bully, you have to anule yourself and became invisible? That`s just not fair. I have the right of pick a strange lunchbox or anything like and don't be bothered or spanked by some coward. To vanish any trace of individuality can't be the best option that exist to don't be bullied. People have the right to be different.


Sorry the poor english, i'm a foreign reader.

Just another Mom said...

Making yourself less of a target for bullying is sad, but very wise advice. It is actually more than wise advice, for anyone that has ever been the victim of bullying they know that this is necessary for survival. The unfortunate reality for many if not most people that are in environments were they encounter bullies is that they do not have a choice in relocating to a new school or work place. Many schools in my area have anti-bullying campaigns to change unacceptable behaviors and improve the safety of their students. However, bullying still happens. We all have the right to be and express our unique individual style and personality, it seems harmless enough. But in certain circumstances it can and does put a huge target on a person. And another sad reality is no matter how many rules/laws that are written bullies will still attack knowing full well they will be punished if caught, they don't care plain and simple. All children will benefit from learning when it is time to blend-in and be invisible, and when it is time to stand out and shine. We live in an imperfect world that is not always safe, even in the places that should provide protection. I am not saying that the vulnerable should curl up and hide. I am saying that until the last bully on earth is successfully reformed, the advice in this post is spot on. Know when to show off your individuality and know when to keep it to yourself. Great post Gavin!

Gavin Bollard said...

There were a few lines in that post that were very difficult to write, so I'll clarify...

There's a fine line to walk between expressing your individuality and being "over the top".

Everyone is an individual whether they like it or not and you shouldn't feel compelled to hide that individuality.

You do however need to know how far to go with your expressions of individuality in order to strike a balance between attracting bullies and expressing yourself.

The exact mix will depend on what is suitable for you and your environment.

If you're feeling repressed, then let loose a little. Know that it will increase the risk of bullying but make the choice to accept that risk.

Similarly, if you're having bullying issues, then it might signal a need to rein in your self-expression.

It's all about balance, it's about YOU personally and it's about your environment.

Stephen Borgman said...

It seems as though there is a fine line between parents advocating for their kids, and for the child to be able to learn how to handle the bullying. Gavin, have you ever heard of children with asperger's being involved in martial arts as a way to learn to defend themselves, both non-verbally and verbally?

Anonymous said...

I agree with this post too Gavin. My little one is only in grade prep (kindergarten) but we are establishing that 'sometimes the rules do not apply', so that at school she follows the school rules, she practices her social skills, she takes turns, she listens, she waits, she wears the school uniform. Then after school, at home she can change into her clothes she loves and can be as 'Aspegers' as she likes (and we love!'...So the rules at school dont apply at home. Its a nice balance and so far she isnt having any trouble with bullys any more than other kids at the school. Also to add, noone escapes bullying at school, its important to teach the difference between 'jolly' teasing and 'mean' teasing, thats a balance...

Sheryl said...

It is sad that a child hide who he is just so he won't get bullied but it is the best thing if it's for his safety.

Stephen, thanks for the martial arts tip, this is something I might look into.

John Elder Robison said...

These are some good thoughts here, Gavin

meerkat said...

Too bad we didn't have the internet when I was in grade school. I only got the short version, "Ignore them" + "Stay away from them." Don't know if the longer version would have done any more good.

All this "erase your individuality" part reminds me a lot of dressing for a job interview.

William said...

There's one BIG one I disagree with on here: fighting back verbally. You NEVER fight back unless you see a great opportunity to make him look stupid.

No, tell your kids THIS: You respond to ANY insult by trying not to care, and making it look like you don't care at all about what the bully is saying. That doesn't mean ignoring him, it means giving him a blank expression and saying "Ok, whatever dude."

It's also good to know how to recognize when someone from NY or Philly is just trying to banter with you rather than seriously insult you. You can't laugh along with him or get angry or you'll become the "guy who always gets ripped on". You're supposed to smile and say "Pssh yeah okay, coming from the guy who..." and insult him about something he won't get offended about, lightly.

outoutout said...

Oh boy does this post bring back memories. I spent most of 7th and 8th grade hiding in the toilets during recess so the bullies wouldn't find me. I was tripped, kicked, chased, had gum put in my hair, called "tomboy", "dyke", "Chewbacca" (because I had an overgrowth of hair on my legs), "Popeye legs", etc etc. And it only got worse, not better, when I changed schools and went to high school.

So when I read comments like this one:

"Similarly, if you're having bullying issues, then it might signal a need to rein in your self-expression."

..it kinda smacks of blaming the victim, y'know?

Don't get me wrong, I do think the advice is essentially correct. "Don't want to be bullied? Then avoid being alone, learn some snappy comebacks, and above all else, learn to hide your differences." Of course, like many other things, it's easier said than done. Some things are impossible to hide. Some things can be hidden but with extreme personal cost. Sometimes we can choose to accept the risk, sometimes it all becomes overwhelming. Have you heard of the "It Gets Better" project? Or "Wear It Purple" in Australia? They exist for a reason. Cripes, if it were only as easy as 'keeping it to yourself', there wouldn't be so many damn teen suicides! I guess it's hard to relate unless you know what it's like to fear going to school each day, to hate who and what you are, to wish you were dead. I do.

And thank GOD the Internet was not widely popular when I was in school. I can only imagine the hell I would've been put through on a grand scale.

Ahem - sorry, I wish I had some better advice. I wish we lived in a better world. That's all.

Anonymous said...

Okay, I'm confused. I don't understand why you say that you shouldn't provoke them, but that you should attack them. Further, in the primary school bullying article, you said that hitting them back doesn't work. Aren't these contradictions? I mean, I suppose you could take the approach in the clip below:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JrB6YO_g_1A&feature=player_embedded

but there's no guarantee of that technique actually solving the problem and not aggravating the bullying.

Gavin Bollard said...

@Anonymous,

Sorry for the confusion. I can see how that may seem contradictory.

First of all, that youtube video is a great example of precisely what NOT to do. If you were the victim, you could be badly hurt. If you were the aggressor, you could be sued, jailed or otherwise affected. The little guy could have had bigger brothers who would escalate the situation.

That kind of reaction leads to increased violence and is the primary reason why we have so many issues with children taking guns to school.

1. You do not retaliate in violence unless you are entirely certain that it will resolve the problem or if you are in an otherwise life-threatening position.

2. You do not simply accept the abuse as part of your life. It is not.

3. You must always make it clear that the bullies behavior is not acceptable. This should be done clearly and verbally. It should at least be in the form an instruction to "get lost and leave me alone!". If you've got something witty that a bully will understand (they're often quite thick) you can say that too but don't engage in swearing if you can help it.

4. See a teacher, particularly if the problem is on school property. If it isn't dealt with quickly, tell them that you want things escalated. Get the principle involved. Don't be afraid to remind them that it's their job and reputation as well as the reputation of the school.

5. If you think a counselor might help, don't be afraid to ask the school to provide one. Again, it's their obligation.

6. If you get no satisfaction, contact the media. You have certain human rights and the school is required to uphold them.

Doing these things is "fighting back" and standing up for your rights.

Anonymous said...

why doesn't the bully work on hiding the bully in him (or her), instead of us wonderfully creative individuals having to become completely invisible.. Bullying behavior is way more socially unacceptable than most of the "awakard" social behavior that people with aspergers show that "single them out"

Anonymous said...

"All this "erase your individuality" part reminds me a lot of dressing for a job interview."

Yes, and it reminds me of camouflage too.

Anonymous said...

"Having a star wars lunchbox in primary school is cool. It's not so cool to have one in secondary school. You may think that spongebob is the height of culture but constantly talking about him or wearing spongebob apparel is going to get you noticed. Save that stuff for home."

Also, remember that you are a whole entire human being, not merely a customer of Star Wars or Spongebob products! :D

Since you are a whole entire individual, you don't need to express *all* of your individuality *all the time* in order to express your individuality.

For example, even when you don't display a product labeled with your favorite figment of someone else's imagination (George Lucas made up Star Wars, you didn't), you can still display some other parts of what makes *you* special. :)

Special K said...

YOu want to know what's bullying? A year ago today I was in the hospital dying and now I am in recovery.As a heart patient, I had to relearn to breathe, talk, sit up, eat everything and still in rehabilition. My stress levels are low and my chances of survival depend on it- yet people use me as their scapegoats for their drinking, their relatives dying, ect. How sad and pathetic is this?

Anonymous said...

Sarcasm is an ever-ready sword.