There was once a time where if he didn't get his way, my youngest would completely trash his room (and sometimes other rooms in the house). We still have marks on the walls (and some holes) that remind us of those terrible days. He would pull everything out of his wardrobe and throw it on the floor, he would throw all of his books out of his bookcase and all over the floor. He would often tip his entire mattress off the bed as well.
These generally weren't meltdowns. They were too controlled and too planned. They were done for a reason. These were tantrums.
Don't Clean Up
In the article I read, the child was twelve. This is easily old enough for them to be able to clean up their own mess. It's very important that you don't follow them around and simply clean up their mess. They need to own a little responsibility.
After all, if they're old enough to make the mess, they're old enough to fix it.
Of course, cleaning up tends to take much longer than messing, so it's fine for you as a parent to help out. Just be sure that your child helps out too. If they stop cleaning up, you stop helping. They need to understand that the amount of effort they put in directly influences how quickly they can get back to doing "fun things" that aren't cleaning up.
Don't Get Angry
This is so hard to do. When you kids trash the place they're essentially trying to attack you. If you get angry then they know that they've gotten to you. They know that this technique works and they'll do it again and again.
It's so hard not to get angry, especially when things that are yours get broken. Sentimental things are the worst. My wife used to always complain about her things being broken but I started pointing out that everything I really cared about was put away from the kids in boxes. I'd stored things that I didn't want destroyed until a time when the kids weren't so dangerous.
It's tempting to shout at the kids, or smack them or try to find some form of revenge. As a young parent I could never understand how kids could enjoy being in trouble. Now of course, when I think back to my own childhood, I remember all the cheeky things I did to my mother. These are all moments of extreme attention and the punishments seemed worth it.
The other point to remember about shouting and violence is that your kids are growing up quickly and taking it all in. How you react now is how they're going to react in the future. You need to ensue that there are no violent consequences, such as smacking, because it won't be long before they're old enough to hit back. You need to teach them non-violent ways to settle their issues.
Keep a calm voice at all times and never relinquish control. If you feel overwhelmed, disengage and go watch some TV or have a rest. Get yourself calm and then try again.
One of the key things that needs to happen in order for your kids to clean up their own messes, is for all distractions to be removed. In our house, this was called "electronica". When we needed to get things done, we removed all electronica. That meant, no computer, no ipads, no phones, no Nintendo DS, no gaming consoles.
We tried simply saying that these could not be used but we soon found that the kids would find ways to sneak in and use them. We tried disabling Wi-Fi but they found things that didn't need it - or they stole the neighbours Wi-Fi. Eventually the only thing we could do was to take or disable devices. If they were small enough, we'd take them and if they weren't, we'd remove key components, like power cords.
It's important to do this without getting into a confrontation because you certainly don't want a tug of war over the devices. My advice would be to request that they help you clean up their mess. If they do engage, then there's no need to remove devices (remember, we're fixing the damage, not issuing a punishment). If they don't engage, leave them and remove the devices once they're asleep. This avoids confrontations and it ensures that they don't see where you hide them.
If you don't have adequate hiding place, then get somewhere lockable (even if you lock the devices in the car in your garage).
Get them to Take Responsibility
- Broken items
There's very little that you can do about broken items but they need to be acknowledged. If your child has damaged things, then they need to be aware of the costs. They don't need to pay the full cost but they at least need to be made aware that damage has an impact. When your child has a good grasp of money, you can start to show them how expensive thing are. Sometimes I'd find the broken things online or in catalogues just to show them how much they would cost to replace.
If they get pocket money, give them a little less for a few weeks just to show that they're having to pay for the item (it probably won't cover the cost but this is about the lesson, not punishment and not full reimbursement).
If they don't get pocket money, then do something else, for example say that we're going to have less snacks or have dessert fewer nights for a while to save money. Don't take things away entirely, you want them to feel the pinch and the best way to do that is to pull things away every now and then rather than go "cold turkey" and do without every time.
The other thing that's important is that your child needs to offer you an apology. In the very early days, my wife and I used to watch "SuperNanny" and shake our heads at her apologies. After all, she was just putting words into kids mouths. The kids didn't really mean that they were sorry. Over time, we understood what was really happening.
Start when your kids are young. Keep them apologising as they grow up. When you do something that affects them, make sure that you apologise to them too. The importance of setting good examples can't be understated.
You'll have to put words into their mouths when they're younger but as they get older, you'll simply need to say, "I think you owe me an apology", and they'll have to work on the wording. Eventually, you won't even need to say that, you'll perhaps hint that something more is needed - and then one day, the apology will just come naturally.